where public money goes worldwide

Total amount
Number of payments

Massachusetts is a very different state than Alaska and therefore there are differences in the major agents of the graph although the structure is very similar. More specifically:

  1. The dispersion of the public budget is made in a balanced way through 157 agents (payers) to a network of local institutes and authorities. There are major global players as well but the amounts receiving are smaller due to the bigger amounts that are targeted to health, education and legal institutions and to local authorities (municipalities etc.).
  2. The graph diameter is 1 as there are payer/payee only nodes and modularity is 0.76 indicating the local structure of the payment network. The maximum in-degree is 117 (fair value) and the companies with major in-degree are mainly well known corporates offering goods and services related to technology (IT, telecom) and services (postal, office equip., consulting, hospitality etc.). It is worth noticing that there is great variety in the services offered, there are many companies present for every sector (competition) and the balanced value of the in degree indicates a mature market.
  3. Massachusetts is famous for its health and educational institutions and this fact is validated from the output data.

In the illustration above, we can see the evaluation of payers (illuminated). The size of nodes in the graph is relevant to the amount of payments they give or receive (weighted degree), while their color is relevant to the amount of the money spent (weighted out-degree, major red, medium purple, zero yellow).

Public Payments to Forbes Global 2000 Companies

Company nameTotal amount# Payments